Adam Zagajewski Goszyce Nagroda Szymborskiej Chłodnia Teatr MIST Marcin Majchrowski Biesiada Filozoficzna Czarno-biały świat ks. Adam Boniecki Copernicus Festival Michał Eckstein

Cytaty, ostatni miesiąc (tu są wszystkie, większą czcionką)

Do parents really matter?
 …  Thomas Bouchard
 …  separating identical twins at birth
 …  Their characters were often remarkably in step, as were their intellects, their behaviours, even their hobbies and eccentricities.
 …  parenting influences — are all secondary when it comes to personality, behaviour or intelligence
 …  Steven Pinker .. ‘A cosmic ray mutates a stretch of DNA, a neurotransmitter zigs instead of zags, the growth cone of an axon goes left instead of right, and one identical twin’s brain might gel into a slightly different configuration from the other’s.’ In other words, we should not presume that random chance plays a vanishingly small role in making us the people that we are today.
 …  We may not hold their tomorrows in our hands but we surely hold their todays
 …  Pinker, meanwhile, makes the point that it should be enough for us to remember that our children are human beings, worthy of the same ethical treatment we give to our friends, other relatives, and even to strangers. So protect your children, provide for them, be good to them, and make memories with them. Apart from that, don’t expect to have very much say in how they turn out. /17-06-18

Computers are starting to reason like humans
 …  A new type of neural network can reason about complex relationships
 …  Google’s DeepMind
 …  it has already beaten humans at a complex image comprehension test
 …  Statistical AI, or machine learning, is great at pattern recognition, but not at using logic.
 …  symbolic AI can reason about relationships using predetermined rules, but it’s not great at learning on the fly
 …  to bridge the gap
 …  forcing the network to discover the relationships that exist between the objects
 …  “There is an object in front of the blue thing; does it have the same shape as the tiny cyan thing that is to the right of the gray metal ball?”
 …  other machine-learning algorithms were right 42% to 77% of the time. Humans scored a respectable 92%. The new relation network combo was correct 96%
 …  “Sandra picked up the football” and “Sandra went to the office.” These were followed by questions like: “Where is the football?” (the office)
 …  “Lily is a Swan. Lily is white. Greg is a swan. What color is Greg?” (white)
 …  heir approach is .. conceptually quite simple
 …  That simplicity .. allows it to be combined with other networks
 …  toward models that come up with their own strategy /Science/17-06-16

Machine learning
 …  If we want to numerically tackle some quantum problem .. we first need to find an efficient representation
 …  It is a new way of solving intractable, interacting quantum many-body problems that uses machine learning tools to find exact solutions
 …  to prove some mathematical facts about the families of quantum states represented by neural networks
 …  to simulate a quantum computer with an ordinary computer /17-06-16

 …  The Invention of Sex
 …  He rescued Adam and Eve from obscurity, devised the doctrine of original sin—and the rest is sexual history
 …  something fundamentally damaged about the entire human species
 …  In the “Confessions,” written around 397, Augustine described what happened in the bathhouse many years earlier.
 …  intense and equally cryptic phrases evoke a succession of unhappy affairs with women
 …  his restless sexual energies
 …  Monica engineered another change in her son’s life
 …  Of his mistress’s feelings, he gives us no glimpse, noting simply, “She went back to Africa
 …  no bodily pleasure, no matter how great, could ever match the happiness of the saints
 …  Augustine and Monica experienced something remarkable: they felt themselves climbing higher and higher, through all the degrees of matter and through the heavenly spheres and, higher
 …  the thirty-two-year-old son and the fifty-five-year-old mother to reach this climax together
 …  Adam and Eve .. originale peccatum
 …  Holy virginity became pregnant, not by conjugal intercourse, but by faith—lust being utterly absent
 …  Some people can even move their ears, either one at a time or both together.
 …  Along with these doctrinal purposes, Augustine’s obsessive engagement with the story of Adam and Eve spoke to something in his life.
 …  Adam’s fatal choice /17-06-16

G20 must govern the shift to low-carbon energy
 …  Wind energy and other renewables will replace oil, gas and coal
 …  We must halve oil production and stop using coal to produce electricity.
 …  There will be winners and losers. /17-06-13

building block of life found in very young star system
 …  methyl isocyanate
 …  planet-forming cloud
 …  the level of complexity you can get to before planets form is pretty high /17-06-08

human faces
 …  Researchers at CalTech were able to predict the appearance of faces shown to macaque monkeys simply by monitoring signals in their brains. Credit
 …  The brain has an amazing capacity for recognizing faces.
 …  they have deciphered the code of how faces are recognized.
 …  electrical recordings from face cells .. neurons that respond .. when an image of a face is presented to the retina
 …  photos of some 2,000 human faces
 …  The monkey face recognition system seems to be very similar to that of humans.
 …  Just 200 face cells are required to identify a face
 …  These dimensions create a mental “face space”
 …  Though the networks are successful, they are also a black box because it is hard to reconstruct how they achieve their result.
 …  the brain is similarly a black box /17-06-06

the Heart of AI
 …  No one really knows how the most advanced algorithms do what they do. That could be a problem.
 …  it was unlike anything demonstrated by Google, Tesla, or General Motors, and it showed the rising power of artificial intelligence. The car didn’t follow a single instruction provided by an engineer or programmer. Instead, it relied entirely on an algorithm that had taught itself to drive by watching a human do it.
 …  The system is so complicated that even the engineers who designed it may struggle to isolate the reason for any single action.
 …  deep learning
 …  to diagnose deadly diseases, make million-dollar trading decisions, and do countless other things to transform whole industries.
 …  Starting in the summer of 2018, the European Union may require that companies be able to give users an explanation for decisions that automated systems reach.
 …  to serve ads or recommend songs. The computers that run those services have programmed themselves, and they have done it in ways we cannot understand.
 …  we humans can’t always truly explain our thought processes either
 …  Deep Patient, was trained using data from about 700,000 individuals, and when tested on new records, it proved incredibly good at predicting disease.
 …  the machine essentially programs itself.
 …  deep learning is a particularly dark black box.
 …  It might be part of the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation.
 …  certain images could fool such a network into perceiving things that aren’t there
 …  Even if somebody can give you a reasonable-sounding explanation [for his or her actions], it probably is incomplete, and the same could very well be true for AI
 …  a natural part of the evolution of intelligence itself is the creation of systems capable of performing tasks their creators do not know how to do. /17-06-05

Noam Chomsky
 …  ?So there’s the two existential threats that we’ve created—which might in the case of nuclear war maybe wipe us out; in the case of environmental catastrophe, create a severe impact—and then some.
 …  ?A third thing happened. .. ?It’s called neoliberalism.
 …  Starting in the early ’70s there was a sharp change. First of all, financial institutions exploded in scale.
 …  unelected troika: the European Commission, which is unelected; the IMF, of course unelected; and the European Central Bank.
 …  ?it’s not just inequality, stagnation. It’s terminal disaster. /17-06-05

 …  both Nazi and Communist rule, Poland’s great exile poet arrived at a unique blend of skepticism and sincerity
 …  Andrzej Franaszek’s “Milosz: A Biography” (Harvard)
 …  As an aristocrat without money, and a Pole whose homeland was Lithuania
 …  repelled by the Poles’ religiosity and nationalism
 …  The creative act is associated with a feeling of freedom
 …  The belief in reason .. is unreasonable
 …  poetry must not darken the world but illuminate it
 …  moral authority /17-05-25

Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg’s port, resembles an avant-garde ocean liner
 …  Elphi
 …  Concert-hall design has entered its grand mannerist phase, or, some might argue, its age of decadence
 …  Philharmonie de Paris
 …  The first billion-dollar hall is not far of
 …  German .. more than eighteen million people attended classical concerts in the 2015-16 season .. considerably higher than the number of people who had gone to see soccer games
 …  “vineyard” plan: as at the Paris Philharmonie, the Berlin Philharmonie, and Disney Hall, in Los Angeles, the performers occupy the center
 …  Yasuhisa Toyota, who has engineered a string of triumphs, including Disney. His signature achievement has been to add resonant warmth to the clinical clarity
 …  though, something is off /17-05-23

 …  It has been neglected for too long
 …  first in Britain and Spain, and then around the world. It would reach 230,000 computers in 48 hours
 …  This is not a serious organised crime gang
 …  it reuses software stolen several months ago from America’s National Security Agency (NSA) /17-05-23

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